What to sow and grow in September
September might be peak harvest time, but there’s still plenty to sow and grow this month.
Here's a handy list of what to plant in September, along with the flowers, fruits and vegetables you can grow this month:
Flowers to sow and grow
Here are the flowers to sow and grow this month:
In the greenhouse/indoors
- Surface-sow euphorbia seeds now in trays indoors.
- Sow dierama seed now on the surface of moist compost. Keep in a cool greenhouse over winter.
In the cold frame / under cloches
- Sow calendula seeds in pots now and keep in a cold frame, for fruity colour from early summer next year.
- Sow violas in a cold frame to plant out in the spring.
- Sow lupins, aquilegia, aconitum and hollyhocks in a cold frame now.
- Sow eryngium and echinops in pots and place in a cold frame this month to enjoy their silvery spiky foliage next year.
- Start verbascum seeds off outdoors now in pots in a cold frame.
- Sow perennial salvias into pots and trays outdoors and leave in a cold frame or unheated greenhouse through the winter.
- Sow red hot pokers into pots and trays outdoors for stunning flowers next summer.
- Sow helenium in a cold frame to attract bees and butterflies into your garden next year.
Direct sow outdoors
- Sow Ammi majus (Bishop's Weed) directly in the ground now where you'd like it to flower. Autumn sowing will produce bigger, more robust plants to grow.
- Sow hardy geraniums outdoors and leave them to over-winter.
- Direct sow hardy annuals, such as cornflowers, poached egg plant, annual poppies and larkspur, for bigger plants next year.
- Sprinkle California poppies into your borders for stunning colour late next spring.
- Direct sow Love-in-a-Mist (nigella) — it will over-winter quite happily and will self-seed prolifically!
- Sow delphiniums this month for flowers next summer.
- Fill gaps in your borders with autumn-flowering plants, such as sedum and chrysanthemum, to extend the colour to the end of the season.
- Plant hyacinth and amaryllis bulbs for forcing, to ensure a crowd of colourful blooms at Christmas. Keep them in a dark, cool place like a shed or garage and bring them indoors when the shoots are 5cm tall. Perfect for a homemade Christmas present!
- Plant spring-flowering bulbs, such as daffodils, crocus and hyacinths.
- Plant out any biennial plants sown earlier in the year. This includes foxgloves, wallflowers and violas.
- Plant new perennials, trees and shrubs. Now is a good time as the soil is still warm and increasing rainfall should be on its way.
Vegetables and herbs to sow and grow
Here are your vegetables and herbs to sow and grow this September:
In the cold frame/ greenhouse/ under cloches
- Direct sow spinach now and offer cloche protection as the weather cools. This will ensure harvests throughout autumn and winter.
- Sow spring cabbages, such as 'April' and 'Durham Early' into modules in the greenhouse.
- Sow pak choi under cloches now for an autumn supply of baby salad leaves.
Direct sow outdoors
- Sow corn salad (lamb's lettuce) now — it’s a fully hardy crop which can be sown outdoors now for cropping throughout the autumn and winter.
- Sow 'green manures' on empty beds now to help improve your soil structure and prevent weeds establishing over winter.
- Sow 'Hi Keeper' onions into a well-prepared seedbed — these are the best variety of onion for autumn sowing. Only thin your onion seedlings in the spring.
- Direct sow salad leaves now.
Try sowing the very hardy 'Perpetual' spinach outdoors this month for winter harvests later in the year.
- Sow winter-hardy spring onions, such as 'White Lisbon' and 'Performer' for crops next spring.
- Make your last direct sowings of summer radishes this month — the cool autumn conditions are ideal.
- Sow turnip seeds into well-prepared beds this September, for small roots.
- Sow winter lettuce, such as 'Arctic King', directly into the ground now.
Keep one step ahead — what to order this month