What to sow and grow in October
October's crisp autumnal days bring changing colours, longer nights, and the occasional frost. If you grow fruit and veg you're probably still harvesting and storing this year's crops, and there's plenty to be getting on with in the garden this month.
Here's what you should be sowing and growing in October:
Flowers to sow and grow
Start aquilegia, such as 'McKana Giants Mixed', now for stunning summertime scenes
Copyright: Visions BV, Netherlands
Direct sow outdoors
Herbs & vegetables to sow and grow
Remember to directly sow winter lettuce, like 'Arctic King', for early spring harvesting
Copyright: Garden World Images
- Sow winter salad, and grow in greenhouses, cold frames or cloches throughout the winter. Lettuce 'Winter Gem' can be sown from September to January in an unheated greenhouse or cold frame.
- Herb seeds such as basil, dill, chives, and parsley can be sown now and grown on your windowsill throughout the winter.
- Sow spring onion 'Performer' under cloches — they'll be ready to start harvesting in the spring.
- Sow cauliflower 'All the Year Round' and keep the plants in a cold frame until the spring.
Direct sow outdoors
- Sow winter lettuce such as 'Arctic King' directly into the ground this month.
- Winter-hardy pea 'Meteor' can be directly sown now for cropping next spring.
- Direct sow green manures like ‘Phacelia’ and ‘Crimson Clover’ over empty beds and plots for a cheap and easy way to increase your soil fertility.
- Sow broad bean 'Aquadulce Claudia' outdoors for the earliest crops next year.
- Corn salad (lamb's lettuce) ‘Favor’ is a fully hardy crop which can be sown this month for cropping throughout autumn and winter.
Fruit to sow and grow
- Now's the perfect time to order strawberry runners to plant up a strawberry patch for cropping next year.
- Plant blueberry plants. Make sure you have an acid soil or alternatively grow them in pots of ericaceous compost.
- Autumn is an ideal time to plant bare root fruit trees. See dwarf varieties that are ideal for a balcony, or some larger rootstocks for starting your outdoor orchard — either way get ready to enjoy delicious homegrown fruit straight from your garden or allotment.
Other plants to grow:
Keep one step ahead — what to order this month