• Prune pear and apple trees anytime between now and February. But don't be tempted to prune your plum trees now as they will be susceptible to the silver leaf fungus - wait until midsummer.
• Apply glue bands or greasebands to the trunks of fruit trees to prevent wingless female winter moths climbing the trunks and laying their eggs in the branches.
In the greenhouse
• Replace damaged glass before the worst of the winter weather sets in.
• Clean out the greenhouse thoroughly. Wash the glass, the floor and the staging with horticultural disinfectant to kill any overwintering pests and diseases.
• Install solar lights in the greenhouse so that you can still get out there on dark winter evenings to check your plants.
• Insulate the greenhouse with sheets of bubble wrap attached to the inside of the frame, to reduce heat loss.
• Don’t forget to ventilate the greenhouse, particularly after watering and when paraffin heaters are used at night.
• As the winter approaches, take special care to not to over water plants that remain in active growth. Little and often is the key.
Looking after your lawn
• If you haven't already aerated your lawn, there's still time to do it before winter sets in. You can use either a lawn aerator or simply insert a garden fork at regular intervals and lean it back slightly to let air in.
• Continue to clear fallen leaves off the lawn to keep it healthy.
• Remember to set your lawn mower to a higher cut-height for winter.
• Now your beds are clear, try edging your lawn. Lawn edging creates a neat and tidy appearance and makes maintenance easier.
• Try gathering your leaves on to the lawn and mow them with a rotary mower that has a collection box on the back. They will rot down quicker in your compost bins.
From your armchair
• Check any notes that you made earlier in the year before placing your seed orders. What grew well, which varieties did you enjoy, and which varieties failed?
• Carefully plan your vegetable garden for next year so that you ensure good crop rotation to avoid a build up of pests and diseases.
• Wash, dry and store any used pots, seed trays and containers to remove overwintering pests and diseases that may infect your plants next year.
• Make sure gardening tools are cleaned of soil and debris. Once dry apply linseed oil to prevent rusting over the winter.
• Tidy up canes from around the garden. Make sure that you let them dry out before storing them away. This will help to extend their useful life.
• Clean out your seed stocks. Old parsnip seed are unlikely to germinate well the following year.
• Now is a good time to clean out water butts before they fill with fresh rain water over winter.
• Insulate taps and pipework with foam lagging to prevent damage caused by freezing weather conditions.
• Check any potatoes you have in storage. Prevent them rotting by storing them in hessian sacks or similar to allow air to circulate.
• Move container grown specimen plants to a sheltered spot in the garden to protect them from strong winds, heavy rain and frosts.
• Raise potted plants off the ground to prevent them becoming waterlogged.
• Collect leaves up for making leaf mould as a soil conditioner. Oak, Alder and Hornbeam will rot down in a year but beech, sycamore, horse chestnut and sweet chestnut will take a couple of years to compost.
• Build a new compost heap. Cover compost heaps with an old piece of carpet to keep the warmth in and maintain favourable decomposition conditions.
• Keep on top of weeds while they are still in active growth. Dig over the soil on a dry day when the ground is not too wet. Incorporate plenty of organic matter such as spent compost, manure or mushroom compost.
• Move deciduous trees and shrubs while they are dormant.
• Prune deciduous shrubs and trees.
• Plant evergreen shrubs and conifers.
• Take hardwood cuttings of deciduous shrubs and trees and place them in a sheltered spot outdoors or in the coldframe to take root.
Take root cuttings from fleshy rooted herbaceous perennial plants to increase your stock. Place them in a cold frame or in a cold greenhouse to root.
• As the weather grows colder make sure bird feeders and bird tables are topped up with food.
• Check around the base of bonfires before you light them. Hedgehogs and other wildlife may be sheltering there.