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Climbing plants for walls and fences

rose covered arches climbing plants
This path of rose-covered arches is the ultimate in floral showmanship.
Image: Shutterstock/Manfred Ruckszio

Climbing plants give fences, walls, trellis, arches or obelisks the “wow” factor. Great for screening unsightly areas of the garden, they also brighten up bare walls and add height to your borders. Here’s our guide to the best climbing plants and wall-trained shrubs for sunny and shady spots in your garden.

Climbing plants for containers

black eyed susan plant climbing trellis
Flowers like the ‘Black-eyed Susan’ look fantastic on trellis’.
Image: Shutterstock/Lost Mountain Studio

Ideal for adding interest to patios and decking, climbing plants do well in containers. Good annual climbers to consider include Sweet peas, Black-eyed Susan, Morning Glory and Nasturtiums.

Perennials also make excellent choices for planting in containers, though you do need think about how you’re going to train them because they can get quite big as they mature. Give long flowering indigo violet Asarina scandens 'Jewel Mixed' a try, or Clematis montana 'Rubens' whose pale pink blooms will get your garden display off to a spectacular early summer start.

Climbing plants for shady walls

virginia creeper
Flowers like the ‘Black-eyed Susan’ look fantastic on trellis’.
Image: Shutterstock/GoneWithTheWind

Cold and sunless north-facing walls might seem an unpromising environment for climbers to thrive, but some plants cope with these conditions rather well. Likewise, east-facing walls which only get light in the morning tend to be a chilly spot in the garden, but you’d be surprised how much just a little splash of early sun adds to the growing potential.

That said, both north and east-facing walls are better suited to foliage plants than bloomers. East walls in particular can be tricky places to grow flowering plants, because winter-frosted buds and leaves struck by the morning sun can defrost too quickly causing cell damage which makes them brown and wither.

Good foliage climbers include Parthenocissus quinquefolia, better known as Virginia creeper, a carefree plant that’s easy to grow anywhere including shady spots. The leaves turn a stunning crimson colour in autumn. Alternatively, Hedera helix 'Green Ripple' is a very attractive ivy which offers evergreen coverage for shady walls and fences.

Climbing plants for sunny walls

silk tassel bush
Flowers like the ‘Black-eyed Susan’ look fantastic on trellis’.
Image: Shutterstock/MarjanCermelj

South and west-facing walls absorb the heat of the sun throughout much of the day and retain it overnight, making these ideal spots for less hardy plants like Ceanothus x delileanus 'Gloire de Versailles' (Californian Lilac), and the stunning violet passion flower, Passiflora 'Violacea Victoria'.

Winter-flowering climbing plants, and wall shrubs like silk-tassel bush (Garrya) and Wintersweet (Chimonanthus), will also benefit from warmth early in the year and will flower more freely against a south or west-facing wall.

Alternatively, why not try growing fruit trees against a sunny wall for a spectacular show of spring blossom and fresh home-grown produce straight from your garden? To save space, fruit trees can be trained as cordons, fans or espaliers.

In sunny spots where the soil is prone to drying in the heat, it’s vital to ensure you dig in plenty of organic matter like well-rotted manure or compost before planting. Mulching with organic matter or pebbles also helps to conserve moisture during the summer.

Supporting climbing plants

climbing clematis
With the right support structure in place, flowers like ‘Clematis’ will thrive.
Image: Shutterstock/Lijuan Guo

All climbing plants need some training to get them started. When planting your new climber or shrub, make sure you plant it 30-45cm away from the base of a wall or fence so the rain can reach the roots of the plant.

Climbers like ivy and Virginia creeper have aerial roots which help them cling to surfaces like walls and fences, but other climbers like honeysuckle and clematis need a framework to scramble over. Wall shrubs don’t climb naturally and need training and tying in to a support.

Use a series of horizontal or vertical wires, or a trellis attached to the wall to provide support for your climbing plants. Tie in new shoots with soft garden twine. Garden structures for climbing plants need to be strong and secure as plants can become very heavy with age.

We hope our list of climbing plants for walls and fences provides you with plenty of inspiration. Whatever surface you’re trying to cover, and whatever conditions you’re planting in, Thompson and Morgan has a climbing plant to suit every garden.