Gardeners have been using peat-based compost for a very long time, but now the Government and some well-known gardeners are working together to try to persuade the public to switch to peat-free compost instead. 95% of peat beds have been lost to peat extraction, which disturbs rare wildlife and releases large amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Some gardeners say that peat-free compost doesn't give the same results as peat compost, but recent surveys have shown that peat-free compost works just as well and some performed even better. Making your own compost helps too and most local authorities take away garden waste for composting, some will take food waste as well. You can then buy the compost in bags and use it for your own gardening needs, which in turn stops waste going into landfill sites and helps to preserve peat bogs and moors - a 10 metre deep peat bed takes 9,000 years to form!