Thompson & Morgan

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What to sow and grow in the garden this month

What to sow and grow in October


Find out what to plant in October with our seasonal list of flowers, fruit, vegetables and seeds. These can be ordered now for sowing, growing and harvesting over the coming months!


Flowers to sow and grow


    in the 

greenhouse greenhouse  In the greenhouse / indoors


  • • Try sowing Crepis under cover in a cold greenhouse for earlier flowers next year.
  • • Start Hollyhocks undercover now. Pot up and over-winter in a cold greenhouse or cold frame.


  • in 

the cold frame cloches  In the cold frame/ under cloches


  • • Sow sweet peas now and place them in a cold frame over winter for planting out in the spring.
  • • Sow Aquilegia in a cold frame now and plant out next spring.
  • Oriental Poppies can be sown into pots now and placed in a cold frame over winter.
  • • Try sowing Hellebore seeds now in pots in a cold frame. Germination can be slow so be patient!


  • direct sow 

outdoors seed packet  Direct sow outdoors


  • • Sow wildflower seeds directly in the ground now to attract bees and butterflies next year.
  • • Direct sow hardy annuals such as cornflowers, poached egg plant, annual poppies and larkspur which will flower earlier next year if sown now.


Fruit & Vegetables to sow and grow


    in the 

greenhouse greenhouse  In the greenhouse / indoors


  • • Try sowing salad leaves 'Winter Blend' for growing under glass or cloches throughout the winter.
  • Herbs such as Basil, Dill, Chives and Parsley can be sown now for growing on your windowsill throughout the winter.


  • in 

the cold frame cloches  In the cold frame/ under cloches


  • • Sow spring onion 'Performer' under cloches - they'll be ready to start harvesting in the spring.
  • • Sow cauliflower 'All the Year Round' and keep the plants in a cold frame until the spring.


  • direct sow 

outdoors seed packet  Direct sow outdoors


  • • Sow winter lettuce such as 'Arctic King' directly into the ground now. 'Winter Gem' can also be sown now for growing in an unheated greenhouse or cold frame.
  • Winter-hardy pea 'Meteor' can be direct sown now for cropping next spring.
  • • Sow broad bean 'Aquadulce Claudia' outdoors now for the earliest crops next year.
  • Corn Salad (lamb's lettuce) is a fully hardy crop which can be sown now for cropping throughout the autumn and winter.


  • plant 

outdoors trowel  Plant outdoors


  • • Plant autumn onion sets now for an early harvest next summer.
  • • Try growing garlic this year - if planted now you should get bumper crops next summer. For something more unusual try growing elephant garlic!
  • • Plant out spring cabbages.
  • • Plant out winter lettuces.
  • • Plant rhubarb crowns and asparagus crowns now into rich, fertile soil.