Hazelnut 'Kentish Cob' is probably the best-known UK variety and easiest to grow in the garden. This attractive, bushy tree produces a mass of yellow-green catkins in the early spring followed a heavy crop of cobnuts in from September.
Cobnut 'Kentish Cob' is self-fertile and therefore does not require a pollination companion. Height and spread: 3m (9').
Estimated time to cropping once planted: 2 years.
Estimated time to best yields: 5 years.
Nut trees do not suffer weed competition well, so keep weeds and grass clear from within a 30cm radius of base of the tree. Water young trees during particularly dry periods until fully established. In spring, apply a mulch of well rotted manure or garden compost to the base of the tree. This will help to retain moisture throughout the summer.
Hazelnuts are usually grown as open centred bushes on a short main stem of about 45cm (18"). Prune Hazelnut stems back by half immediately after planting. Select 3 or 4 laterals to form a main framework and remove all other laterals that are not required. In following years repeat this process each February until an open framework of 6 to 8 strong branches has been achieved. Once the main framework has been created Hazelnuts can be pruned each February while the plant is in flower to help disperse pollen for an improved crop. Prune the strongest leaders back by half and reduce the strongest laterals to 3 or 4 buds.
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