What to sow and grow in June
Find out what to plant in June with our seasonal list of flowers, fruit, vegetables and seeds. These can be ordered now for sowing, growing and harvesting over the coming months!
Flowers to sow
In the greenhouse / indoors
- • It may seem a bit early but it's worth thinking about which spring flowers you would like to have next year. Sow perennial seeds such as Aquilegia, Bellis, Canterbury Bells, Delphiniums and Lupins indoors for flowering next year.
- • For flowers that bridge the gap between spring and summer try growing Forget-me-nots, Foxgloves, Sweet William and Wallflowers in seed trays now for flowering next year.
- • Sow winter-flowering pansies in seed trays now, so that they will be ready for your winter containers.
- • Sow perennial Scabiosa now in pots or trays for years of attractive flowers which are loved by bees and butterflies.
Direct sow outdoors
- • It's not too late to direct sow Calendula,
Candytuft, Clarkia (Godetia), Larkspur and Limnanthes for a show of flowers later this summer.
- • Nasturtiums are easy to grow in containers or from direct sowings, and quick to flower - use them in beds, containers, baskets and the vegetable plot!
- • Scatter Nigella seeds in your borders now for some striking blue late-summer flowers.
- • Grow the tallest Sunflower from direct sowings - great fun for the kids!
Fruit & Vegetables to sow and grow
In the greenhouse / indoors
- • Sow cucumber and gherkin seeds in individual pots or modules.
- • Sow runner beans and french beans either under cover, sowing individually into module trays, or directly outside where they are to grow.
- • Sow winter cabbage seeds now as they require a long growing season. Start them off in a greenhouse or cold frame.
Direct sow outdoors
- • Sow beetroot thinly, directly into the ground.
- • Sow broccoli and calabrese now in a nursery bed, for transplanting later on, or sow directly in your vegetable plot.
- • Direct sow carrots in rows and protect with fleece
to prevent carrot fly attack.
- • Add colour to your stir-fries with Chicory. Seeds can be sown directly into the soil now.
- • Sow fast-growing herbs such as coriander, dill and parsley directly into the ground or in containers indoors.
- • Try direct sowing hardy corn salad (Lamb's Lettuce) for summer and winter salads!
- • Sow courgette and squash seeds in pots or directly outside now.
- • Think ahead to winter cropping and start
kale seeds in a nursery bed now.
- • For something more unusual try sowing kohl rabi where it is to grow - it will be ready in as little as 8 weeks after sowing.
- • Try direct sowing nutritious Pak Choi every 3 weeks for a continuous crop.
- • Sow peas directly in to the ground or start them off in modules if mice are a problem. Allow about 20 plants per person.
- • Sow radish seeds directly into the soil for quick and easy home-grown salads.
- • Salad leaves are one of the fastest and most productive crops you can grow - sow seeds in module trays under glass for transplanting in the garden later. Alternatively sow direct outside and thin out the seedlings. Sow every 3 or 4 weeks for continuous harvesting.
- • Direct sow spinach seeds in soil enriched with plenty of organic matter. Try growing Spinach 'Perpetual' if you have very dry soil.
- • Sow spring onion seeds in drills outdoors for a quick crop to add to salads and stir fries.
- • Sow swede seeds outdoors in a rich fertile soil for autumn and winter crops.
- • Sow sweet corn seeds directly outside or start them off in modules. Grow at least 12 plants for good pollination and cropping.
- • Swiss chard can be direct sown now for a colourful addition to both borders and the vegetable plot.
- • Start to sow turnips in drills outdoors for a great addition to casseroles and stews.
- • Plant out sprouting broccoli spacing the plants 60cm (2ft) apart. Calabrese plants can be spaced closer together at 30cm (1ft) apart.
- • Plant out Brussels Sprout plants deeply in the soil and earth them up as they grow for stability.
- • Plant out summer cabbages about 35cm (14in) apart.
- • Plant out cauliflowers into moist soil, don't allow the soil to dry out during growth.
- • Plant out pepper plants either in the greenhouse or into grow-bags in a sheltered, sunny position.
- • Plant out kale plants allowing them plenty of space to grow - space 75cm (30in) apart for the tall varieties.
- • Plant out leeks by dibbing a hole 15cm (6in) deep, dropping the leek inside and filling the hole with water. There is no need to infill the hole with soil; this method will ensure a good blanch on the stems.
- • Plant out celery in blocks to increase natural blanching of the stems.
- • Plant out celeriac into fertile soil.
- • Plant out cucumbers in the greenhouse or in grow bags outdoors in a sheltered, sunny position.
- • Plant out squashes and pumpkins into rich fertile soil - they are heavy feeders!
- • Plant out your tomato plants in a warm and sunny location for the best crops.